Malabar Orthopaedic Clinic - Stephen McMahan - International Affilate Member of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
 

Patient Info

Arthroscopic Surgery

Arthroscopy is a surgical procedure in which an arthroscope is inserted into a joint. Arthroscopy is a term that comes from two Greek words, arthro, means joint, and -skopein, means to examine.

The benefits of arthroscopy involve smaller incisions, faster healing, less scaring and more rapid recovery. Arthroscopic surgical procedures are often performed on an outpatient basis and the patient is able to return home on the same day.

Click the desired topics below to find out more.

Knee Arthroscopy Knee Arthroscopy
ACL Reconstruction ACL Reconstruction
Hip Arthroscopy Hip Arthroscopy

Why is Arthroscopy necessary?

Diagnosing joint injuries and disease begins with a thorough medical history, physical examination, and X-rays. Additional tests such as an MRI- or CT scan also may be needed. Through the arthroscope, a final diagnosis is made which may be more accurate than through "open" surgery or from X-ray studies.

What are the joints that can be viewed with an Arthroscope?

Although the inside of nearly all joints can be viewed with an arthroscope, six joints are most frequently examined with this instrument. These include the knee, shoulder, elbow, ankle, hip, and wrist. As engineers make advances in electronic technology and orthopaedic surgeons develop new techniques, other joints may be treated more frequently in the future.

What are the conditions that can be treated by Arthroscopy?

Problems associated with arthritis can be treated by arthroscopy. But, many disorders are treated with a combination of arthroscopic and standard surgery.

Disease and injuries can damage bones, cartilage, ligaments, muscles, and tendons. Some of the most frequent conditions found during arthroscopic examinations of joints are:

Inflammation

Synovitis - Inflamed lining (synovium) in knee, shoulder, elbow, wrist, or ankle.

Injury - Acute and chronic.

Knee - Meniscal (cartilage) tears, chondromalacia (wearing or injury of cartilage cushion), and anterior cruciate ligament tears with instability.

Loose bodies of bone and/or cartilage - Knee, shoulder, elbow, ankle, or wrist.

What are the types and causes of arthritis in the knee?

Osteoarthritis or Degenerative Joint Disease - The most common type of Arthritis, also known as “wear and tear arthritis” since the cartilage simply wears out. When cartilage wears away, bone rubs on bone causing severe pain and disability. The most frequent reason for osteoarthritis is genetic, since the durability of each individual's cartilage is based on genetics.

Trauma - Can also lead to osteoarthritis. A bad fall or blow to the knee can injure the joint. If the injury does not heal properly, extra force may be placed on the joint, which over time can cause the cartilage to wear away.

Inflammatory Arthritis - Swelling and heat (inflammation) of the joint lining causes a release of enzymes which soften and eventually destroy the cartilage. Rheumatoid arthritis, Lupus and psoriatic arthritis are inflammatory in nature.

Meet
Stephen McMahon
   
Facebook Twitter Linkedin Youtube Google
Bookmark and Share